Guidelines for Parenthetical Citation (Examples in APA and MLA)
What Does Academic Writing’s Parenthetical Citation Mean?
If you have never used this style of citation before, it might sound a little complicated. However, things get simpler once you see some examples. It is also referred to as “in-text” citing, and it is utilized whenever you directly quote or paraphrase a passage of text. To put it simply, a parenthetical citation is used when you are quoting directly from another source by inserting a passage of text into your paper. Most of the time, you’ll need to summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source. Always include a corresponding entry that is mentioned and reflected in your Works Cited or References list whenever you use an in-text citation in your paper.
As you might have already guessed, it is crucial to accurately cite any direct quotes in parentheses without changing their meaning. Alternately, phrase things appropriately to maintain the main idea. The goal is to inform your target audience of the author of the work being cited, the date it was created, and, if and when available, the page number. By turning to your References page, your readers will have an easier time locating the original source.
The APA & MLA Parenthetical Citation Guidelines
APA Parenthetical Reference:
Here is how to cite in parentheses when there is only one author:
(Page Number, last name of author)
In MLA, there are two authors:
Page number: (Last Name and Last Name)
additional three authors:
Last Name, etc., Page No.
If you don’t know the author, you should use:
(Name of Organization, Page Number)
(Page Number: “Article Title”).
23) The National Museum
Report 224 from the US Taxation Department
a source the editor is aware of
Page number: (Last Name)
(Last Name, Page Number; Last Name)
APA Paragraph Citation:
The various types of sources should be parenthetically cited in APA 7th edition as follows:
Final Name, Year
Name, Year, and Last Name
Three to five writers
For the first citation, you must list all authors; however, for all subsequent citations, you must use “et al.”
Six Authors and More:
Year (Last Name, et al.)
group author using an acronym:
For your first citation, please use (Ministry of Education [MOE], Year).
(MOE, Year) will be used for all upcoming citations.
Without an acronym, group author (organization):
(Article’s title, Year)
Examples of Parenthetical Citations (MLA & APA)
Let’s move on to the actual illustrations of how to cite in parentheses:
Examples of MLA parenthetical citations
If you possess a passage from a bigger source where it is present:
(223 in “The Paradise Lost”)
A citation will appear as follows if all there is to cite is the article’s title:
(Unusual Things 27)
a solitary author
(Mills and Stipe 79)
Three Authors and More
34) Lange et al.
(300) The Aviation Museum
Habib Department 210 in the United Arab Emirates
Example Of A Parenthetical Citation From A Source:
Two Sources for the Same Citation
(Downes 98; Samick 13)
Examples of APA Parenthetical Citation
By Thomas in 2021
Kane and Lord (2009), p. 32
Five to Three Authors
Wade and others (2004)
at least six authors
(1995; Lakewood et al.)
group author using an acronym
(2019, Ministry of Defense [MOD])
Cite parenthetically for each of the following instances:
Without a Phrase Group Author
2018 (Henriksen Corp.)
2009’s “Why Do We Know The Way”
Keep in mind that you can only italicize APA parenthetical citations if you also italicize your References list. As in the preceding example, the title case for the in-text citation is required.
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